Places and Personalities of Importance
Nawada district is one of the thirty-eight district of Bihar State and Nawada town is the administrative headquarters of this district. It occupies an area of 2,494 square kilometers (963 sq mi) and is located at 24.88N 85.53E. Headquarters town of the subdivision of the same name, lying on both sides of the river Khuri in 24º 53’ N and 85º 33’ E. population (1901) 5,908.The name is a corrupt-ion of Nau-abad or the new town. It is divided into two blocks by the river, the Portion on the left bank being the older, while that on right bank is modern and Contains public offices, sub-jail, dispensary and school. Since the opening of The South Bihar Railway, on which it is a station, Nawada has been growing into an important trade centre. Two miles to the north there is a handsome Jain temple standing in the middle of a large tank to the west of the public road, but town itself contains no important buildings and has but little historical interest. Before its acquisition by the East India Company, it was ruled by the nearly independent Rajas of Hisua, and after its acquisition it was the center of great disorder till 1845, when it became the headquarters of the newly created subdivision. The elements of disorder came to the front again during the Mutiny, when Nawada was overrun by marauding parties. The local offices were destroyed, but the Government record was saved by the native officials who hide them in a cave in a neighboring.
Kakolat Waterfall :-
Kakolat Waterfall is a picturesque waterfall in Nawada district, popular with tourists due to its scenic surroundings. The falls also play a role in Hindu mythology, when according to legend an ancient king was turned into a python by a rishi's curse and lived within the falls. Folklore suggests that Krishna Used to go there with his queens for taking bath. This is one of the best waterfalls in India. Water of this fall is cold for the whole year. The fall is about 150 to 160 feet, from the ground level.
Surya Narayana Mandir Of Handiya, Nardiganj:
Handiya is most remarkable place to visit for any one. It is beautifully surrounded on the north side by Rajgir Mountain and on the south by river. The Surya Narayana Mandir of Handiya is earliest and it is supposed to be of Dwaparayuga. Each year millions of people come to visit the holy place. The Surya Narayana Mandir is also famous for betel nuts like Magahi Paan (handiya).
Narad Museum was established in 1974 and is located in the district headquarter. This is one of the major museums of the State which is under renovation at present. The multipurpose museum has Stone artifact from Paal Dynasty (750-1120 AD) and spectacular manuscripts of 18th -19th Century AD. The museum has over 2,000 artifacts among them are: Black red pottery from Devengarh, Clay seals and beads from Dharaut, Lord Vishnu Stone statue from Najardih dated 5-13th century, Gupta’s era Temple flag from Mahrawan and Handmade axe from the forests of Kakolat(which proves the existence of human civilization) are spectacular to watch.
Sokhodewra Ashram, Kowakole:
In the modern history of Nawada History, the famous "Sarvoday Ashram" owes its name. Sarvoday Ashram is located in the district of Nawada. This Ashram was inaugurated by Desh Ratana Dr. Rajedra Prasad and nourished by Shree Jayaprakash Narayan. The Ashram is situated one and half miles away from Kawakole Police Station at Village Sekhodewra. The ashram is adorned with scenic beauty and is located at the backdrop of small hills.
The place Sitamarhi situated in the lap of Nawada was blessed when Sita Jee made it her above in her exile and gave birth to Lava. The village Barat was the abode of great epic maker Valmiki.
Town and police outpost in the Nawada subdivision situated on the right bank of the river Tailya on the Gaya-Nawada road, 9 miles from Nawada and 27 miles from Gaya town, in 24º30’ N and 85º25’ E. Population (1901) 6,704. It has a considerable reputation for the manufacture of ornamental pottery, contains the residence of several wealthy zamindars, and has recently gained some commercial importance Railway. The place is also of some historical interest as having been the Headquaters of Namdar Khan and Kamgar Khan, military adventures of the eighteenth century. Previous to the permanent settlement, Namdar Khan and his brother, Kamgar Khan was amils of subahdars. The former owned 14 parganas and 84 ghatwali gadis or rent free tenures, which extended beyond the confines of the district into Patna and Hazaribagh.
Warisaliganj to the north of Nawada Town is an important mart, founded by Waris Ali Khan, a member of the family Kamgar Khan. Warisaligang, the name is some time spelt Worseleygang from an erroneous belief that it was named after Mr. Worseley, a former Deputy Magistrate of Nawada.